Yahoo Science News feed latest items
The Japanese government will join a U.S. project to build a new space station that will orbit the moon, reports the Japan Times. The project, which is expected to be complete in the 2020s, may provide the chance for Japan to send one of its own astronauts to the surface of the moon for the first time in history. According to the South China Morning Post, the move might allow Japan to beat China at sending the country's first astronaut to the moon’s surface.
Ancient Peruvian Culture That Inca Empire Claimed It Destroyed 500 Years Ago Resisted and Persisted, New DNA Evidence Shows
In the late 1400s, the Inca Empire conquered the indigenous Peruvians of the Chachapoyas region and gained the power to spread the version of history they saw fit. Now, an international team of researchers has found genetic evidence that says otherwise. Today, descendants of the besieged Chachapoyas inhabitants retain distinct pockets of genetic diversity, proving that their ancestors were successful in resisting assimilation into the Empire.
Cosmic Ray Space Mystery That Baffled Scientists for 60 Years Solved by College Kids With a Tiny Satellite
For six decades, scientists have been looking for a bunch of electrons hiding near Earth but haven't been able to find them. Those elusive particles have finally been spotted—and by a team composed mainly of college students armed with a satellite the size of a shoebox. “We are reporting the first direct detection of these energetic electrons near the inner edge of Earth’s radiation belt,” lead author Xinlin Li, who studies Earth's space environment at the University of Colorado Boulder. The hidden electrons are the product of a process called cosmic ray albedo neutron decay.
The UN warned Wednesday that waste from discarded electronics like mobile phones, laptops and refrigerators is piling up worldwide, and it urged far better recycling of the often hazardous rubbish. A full 44.7 million tonnes of so-called e-waste was generated around the world in 2016, up eight percent from two years earlier, according to a report from the UN's International Telecommunication Union, the UN University (UNU) and the International Solid Waste Association. By 2021, the world will likely be cluttered with a full 52.2 million tonnes of such waste, which today consists mainly of fridges, washing machines and other domestic appliances, but also increasingly mobile phones and computers.
First Ingredients for Life Could Have Formed in the Frozen Depths of Outer Space on Ice Blasted With Radiation
A series of experiments show the organic molecules necessary to start life on Earth could have been created on a piece of rock plummeting through the freezing vacuum of space. Although we can pinpoint when life on Earth began—about 3.8 billion years ago—figuring out where it came from is another story. The idea that life, or the building blocks needed to create it, have extraterrestrial origins is popular theory, but it has one major caveat: life has never actually been found to exist anywhere else but Earth.
Your Greek yogurt creates food waste that could one day be used in jet fuel. A process that mixes this waste with thousands of species of bacteria and some heat transforms the whey into a new material called bio-oil, which could be used in biofuels or additives in livestock feed. A study published in Joule on Wednesday details how thousands of bacteria feed on the leftovers from making Greek yogurt and then turn it into caproic acid and caprylic acid—or bio-oil.
NIH Funding Opportunities
- End-of-Life and Palliative Care Health Literacy: Improving Outcomes in Serious, Advanced Illness (R21 Clinical Trial Optional)
- End-of-Life and Palliative Care Health Literacy: Improving Outcomes in Serious, Advanced Illness (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
- Human Subjects Mechanistic and Minimal Risk Studies (R21 Clinical Trial Optional)
- NIBIB Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant Program (R21) (Clinical Trial Optional)
- Sleep disorders and circadian clock disruption in Alzheimers disease and other dementias of aging (R01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)