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Eating red meat just once a day increases your risk of bowel cancer by a fifth, a study by Oxford University suggests. The research based on almost half a million British men and women found that even moderate consumption of ham and bacon was linked to an increased chance of developing the disease. Scientists recommended cutting intake of red and processed meat to no more than twice a week, in light of the findings. Bowel cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the UK, with around 23,000 diagnoses annually. It has long been linked to heavy consumption of red meat – especially processed types. However, the new research suggests that even a modest intake of such foods had a significant impact. The study, part-funded by Cancer Research UK, found that every 25 grams of processed meat eaten daily – equivalent to a rasher of bacon or a slice of ham – increased the risk of bowel cancer by 20 per cent. Every 50 grams of unprocessed red meat – a lamb chop or thick slice of roast beef – was linked to a similar increase in risk. Overall, those sticking to Government guidelines on red and processed meat consumption carried risks around a fifth higher than those who limited their intake to very small amounts. Bowel cancer | Six signs to watch out for Department of Health guidelines say that while meat is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals, people should cut their intake of red and processed meat to about 70 grams per day – the equivalent of around three rashers of bacon. For the new study, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, experts examined data from 475,581 people aged 40 to 69 at the start of the study and followed them for an average of 5.7 years. During this time, 2,609 people developed bowel cancer. The new study found that people consuming an average of 76g per day of red and processed meat had a 20 per cent higher risk of bowel cancer compared with those who ate 21g per day. For processed meat only, the risk was 19 per cent higher for those who had an average of 29g per day – about one rasher of bacon or a slice of ham – compared with those who had an average of 5g per day. And for unprocessed red meats, the risk was 15 per cent higher for people who ate 54g per day – about one thick slice of roast beef or one lamb chop – on average compared with those who had 8g per day. The study also found that those with the highest intake of fibre from bread and breakfast cereals had a 14 per cent lower risk of bowel cancer. Around one in every 15 men and one in every 18 women will develop bowel cancer during their lifetime. Cancer Research UK's expert in diet and cancer, Professor Tim Key, who co-authored the study and is deputy director at the University of Oxford's cancer epidemiology unit, said: "Our results strongly suggest that people who eat red and processed meat four or more times a week have a higher risk of developing bowel cancer than those who eat red and processed meat less than twice a week. "There's substantial evidence that red and processed meat are linked to bowel cancer, and the World Health Organisation classifies processed meat as carcinogenic and red meat as probably carcinogenic. "Most previous research looked at people in the 1990s or earlier, and diets have changed significantly since then, so our study gives a more up-to-date insight that is relevant to meat consumption today." Meat eating guidance Existing evidence points to an increased bowel cancer risk for every 50 grams of processed meat a person eats per day, but the new study found that risk increases at just 25 grams per day. Dr Julie Sharp, Cancer Research UK's head of health information, said: "The Government guidelines on red and processed meat are general health advice and this study is a reminder that the more you can cut down beyond this, the more you can lower your chances of developing bowel cancer. "This doesn't necessarily mean cutting out red and processed meat entirely, but you may want to think about simple ways to reduce how much you have and how often. "Although breaking habits we've had for a long time can be hard, it's never too late to make healthy changes to our diet. "You could try doing meat-free Mondays, looking for recipes using fresh chicken and fish, or swapping meat for pulses like beans and lentils in your usual meals."
The European Parliament is set to vote Wednesday on draft rules by the European Commission, the bloc’s executive body, that would endorse WiFi technology pushed by VW, General Motors, and Volvo Group. BMW and other car and telecom firms are urging European Union legislators to scrap the rules, arguing the law would force them to make additional investments to fit a soon-to-be outdated technology, which offers poorer performance than cellular-based technology compatible with future 5G networks.
Finding planets outside of our solar system is a challenge, and determining the size, composition, and surface conditions of such planets is more difficult still. Figuring out whether life could exist on an exoplanet, based on all the previous information? Well that's about as difficult a challenge as an astronomer can imagine, but researchers from Cornell are doing exactly that.In a new study published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, scientists from Cornell's Carl Sagan Institute reveal that conditions on nearby exoplanet Proxima-b may be near the fringe of what is considered suitable for life to take root.Proxima-b is a planet orbiting the nearby star Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri is a red dwarf, which could make a good candidate for fostering habitable worlds around it, but declaring Proxima-b to be habitable has given scientists pause. The exoplanet is incredibly close to its star, completing an orbit in just over 11 Earth days (compared to our own 365-day year).Because of that, the planet is bombarded with radiation from its star in much greater quantity. As Cornell researchers explain, the exoplanet sees upwards of 250 times the X-ray radiation as Earth, and potentially deadly UV radiation in greater intensity that our own planet.However, the scientists argue that none of this is necessarily a deal-breaker when it comes to the search for life, and Earth may be our best example of that fact. In their newly published paper, the researchers note that early Earth experienced even more intense UV radiation but still managed to be suitable for life.It's possible, then, that the conditions in which life first emerged on Earth may be present on other exoplanets including Proxima-b, and that biological process may already be at work there despite the seemingly hostile environment. The researchers summarize this in the study as follows:> Given that the early Earth was inhabited, we show that UV radiation should not be a limiting factor for the habitability of planets orbiting M stars. Our closest neighbouring worlds remain intriguing targets for the search for life beyond our Solar system.Looking to the future, Proxima-b may be a prime candidate for humanity's first interstellar exploration efforts. At a distance of less than five light years from Earth, it's our closest option, and if we're searching for life it seems we can't yet rule it out.
The three blocks will add about 2.6 million net acres to Exxon's existing holdings in Argentina, the company said. The blocks are located in the Malvinas basin, about 200 miles (320 kms) offshore Tierra del Fuego. Exxon's existing Argentina holdings include 315,000 net acres spread over seven blocks in the onshore Neuquén Basin of the Vaca Muerta unconventional oilfield and a business support center in Buenos Aires.
Inside the costume was Andrew McClary, a Florida resident who lost his 19-year-old son, Nicholas, to a rare bone cancer late last year. McClary and his son were both huge "Star Wars" fans and even tried building an R2-D2 robot together until it became too difficult for the increasingly weak Nicholas to help.
Why Notre Dame didn't completely crumble in the blaze. And why it could take decades to repair.
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido will seek to annul an $8.7 billion arbitration award to U.S. oil producer ConocoPhillips as he moves to preserve foreign assets, Guaido's chief legal representative said on Tuesday. If accepted, the annulment request would halt enforcement of the award over the 2007 loss of Conoco's projects in the South American country. It would follow a March decision by the World Bank's International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) to impose the largest arbitration award against Venezuela.
An Indian state court had earlier asked the federal government to ban TikTok, citing concerns the video-sharing mobile app exposed children to troubling content, including pornography. Bytedance fought the proposal, but was overruled by India’s Supreme Court. Regulators then asked Alphabet Inc.’s Google and Apple Inc. to remove TikTok from their app stores.
When death finally comes for us, will it announce its presence with a roar? Or, perhaps, with nothing at all -- letting the permanent silence that follows our eventual destruction speak for itself?Boston Dynamics, a company whose main export appears to be unsettling videos of its robotic creations, has offered up one possible answer. Death sounds like 40 robot-dog legs, marching together in unison across a lifeless blacktop parking lot. SEE ALSO: This 'blind' robot dog is great for hunting you on a moonless nightAn April 16 video, embedded above, shows 10 of the company's Spot robots pulling a large truck. The robots work together, like a dog-sled team, and the coordinated thud thud thud of their robot paws will soon no longer be confined to the Boston Dynamics office. Read more...More about Robots, Boston Dynamics, Tech, and Other
It’s taken 20 years, but executives at Seattle-based Nonlinear Materials Corp. are finally putting the pieces in place for what they say could be a revolution in electro-optical processing. “Everything in tech is about timing,” said Nonlinear Materials CEO Gerard Zytnicki, a Microsoft veteran who’s served as a consultant for a wide range of tech ventures. “And we think that from all perspectives, the timing is right for this technology to basically take off.” NLM’s technology aims to turbocharge chip processing speeds by taking advantage of optical computing, which manipulates photons of light rather than electrons. That, in turn, could… Read More
Qualcomm’s shares jumped 23 percent on the announcement. Apple will make a one-time payment to Qualcomm, and the two reached a multiyear agreement whereby Qualcomm will supply chips and license its technology to Apple in exchange for royalty payments, the companies said Tuesday in a statement. A victory for Apple would have hampered Qualcomm’s ability to collect fees on the technology that powers mobile phones around the world.
The 10-year Treasury yield reached its highest level since the March Federal Reserve meeting. Apple Inc. was flat and Qualcomm Inc. surged after the two dropped litigation against each other. Netflix Inc. ended the regular session higher, but slid in late trading after a key metric missed estimates.
It could be yours for just $2.95m but the sale has drawn criticism from the scientific communityA Tyrannosaurus rex. The fossil is potentially the only such one in existence. Photograph: Jacobs Stock Photography Ltd/Getty ImagesYou wouldn’t normally associate the world of dutiful natural history preservation with sporadic bursts of all-caps letters and exclamation points – or at least not until last month, when the fossil of an infant Tyrannosaurus rex, potentially the only in existence, went on sale on eBay for the “buy it now” price of $2.95m.The listing reads: “Most Likely the Only BABY T-Rex in the World! It has a 15 FOOT long Body and a 21” SKULL with Serrated Teeth! This Rex was very a very dangerous meat eater. It’s a RARE opportunity indeed to ever see a baby REX…”The skeleton, estimated to be 68m years old, was first discovered in 2013, on private land in Montana. It became the property of the man who discovered it, Alan Detrich, a professional fossil hunter. In 2017, Detrich lent the fossil to the University of Kansas Natural History Museum, where it was still on display when Detrich made the surprise decision to put it up for auction.Analysis of the skeleton may help to settle a major debate in palaeontology over whether small Tyrannosaurs from North America are infants or should have the separate classification of Nanotyrannus. Such research may now be impossible with the fossil likely to end up in a private collection.The Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology (SVP) has criticised both Detrich, who will be taking an important specimen outside the reach of scientific study, and the university, for helping to inflate the price of the fossil, acting as a shop window for professional buyers.In an open letter published last week, SVP’s members said that it was regrettable that the fossil was exhibited before it could be studied. “That action, which brought the fossil to the attention of hundreds or thousands of visitors, potentially enhanced its commercial value,” they wrote. “Museums seldom have the budget for purchase of increasingly expensive privately collected specimens.”The University of Kansas has subsequently said they were unaware of Detrich’s plans to put the skeleton up for auction. In a statement the museum’s director, Leonard Krishtalka, said the exhibit has now been removed and returned to Detrich, and they have asked for any association with the museum to be removed from the listing.So far no one has expressed interest in paying the asking price, although there is the option to make an offer, and the item has more than 100 people “watching” it. Any museums hoping they might be able to shell out for a quick study and then send it back will be disappointed – Detrich has specified a no returns policy.
NIH Funding Opportunities
- Guidance on Salary Limitation for Grants and Cooperative Agreements FY 2019
- Limited Competition: Interdisciplinary Complementary and Integrative Health Clinical Research Training (T90/R90 Independent Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
- NEI Notice of Participation in PAR-19-134, "Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP) for Health Professional Schools and Graduate Schools (R15 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)"
- NEI Notice of Participation in PAR-19-135, "Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP) for Health Professional Schools and Graduate Schools (R15 Clinical Trial Required)"
- Notice of Correction to NOT-RM-19-001 Request for Information (RFI): Institutional Accountability to Promote Inclusive Excellence