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President Trump Honored GOP Megadonor Miriam Adelson

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 12:36

President Donald Trump will today present the nation’s highest civilian honor to Miriam Adelson, one of the Republican Party’s pre-eminent megadonors.


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Amputee Sea Turtle Swims Again Thanks To New Prosthetic Fin

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 12:28

This is the heartwarming scene as a disabled sea turtle happily swam for the first time after being given a prosthetic flipper.


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Is Nancy Pelosi's Fight to Become Speaker Again a Referendum on Gender?

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 12:13

"Women are more likely to be victimized by this than men"


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President Trump Addresses Jim Acosta Ruling: 'People Have to Behave'

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 12:06

President Trump Addresses Jim Acosta Ruling: 'People Have to Behave'


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They Fled the Nazis as Children. Now They Want Their Adopted Homeland to Welcome Other Refugees Too

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 12:03

The “Kindertransport” saved the lives of some 10,000 Jewish children from Central Europe in 1938 and 1939


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President Trump Honored a GOP Megadonor. Here's Why Some Republicans Are Worried

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 11:58

President Donald Trump will today present the nation’s highest civilian honor to Miriam Adelson, one of the GOP pre-eminent megadonors.


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A weighty issue: scientists redefine the kilogram after 129 years

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 11:03

The kilogram will no longer be measured against an actual weight, after scientists voted to start using an electromagnetic current. Since 1889, a kilogram has been defined by a single lump of platinum-iridium which is housed inside three glass bell jars at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) , just outside Paris. But the master copy, known as ‘Le Grand K’, has been picking up microparticles of dust, or losing mass in cleaning, causing consternation for scientists using it to measure ever more accurate weights. Now, after a week-long meeting at the Palace of Versailles representatives of 60 nations agreed to redefine the kilogram based on the unchanging value of the ‘Planck constant.’ Instead of checking it against an actual weight, scientists can now find an exact kilogram by measuring the amount of electricity needed to lift it, using a special set of scales known as The Kibble balance.   Scientists have been trying for decades to define a constant value for the kilogram that is derived from laws of physics, in the same way they have done for other standard units. For example, a metre is not defined as 100 centimetres but "the length of the path travelled by light in a vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second". Scientists Yuning Duan and Gert Rietveld celebrate after the vote on the redefinition of four base units of the International System of Units Credit: Reuters  Describing what impact the new kilogram would have, the BIPM said: "In the same way that if you replaced the decaying foundations of a house with robust new ones, it may not be possible to identify the difference from the surface, but some substantial changes would have taken place to ensure the longevity of the property." The BIPM also voted to update definitions for the ampere (electrical current), the kelvin (thermodynamic temperature) and the mole (amount of a substance). Martin Milton, director of the BIPM, said: “The SI redefinition is a landmark moment in scientific progress. "Using the fundamental constants we observe in nature as a foundation for important concepts such as mass and time means that we have a stable foundation from which to advance our scientific understanding, develop new technologies and address some of society's greatest challenges." Barry Inglis, who heads the committee for weights and measures, said the implications were immense. "We will now no longer be bound by the limitations of objects in our measurement of the world, but have universally accessible units that can pave the way to even greater accuracy, and even accelerate scientific advancement," he said. The new definitions agreed by the BIPM will come into force on May 20, 2019.


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Notice of NIMH's Participation in PA-19-055 "Research Project Grant (Parent R01 Clinical Trial Required)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:50
Notice NOT-MH-18-076 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts
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People Say It's Boring to Talk About A Dream You Had. Here's Why You Should Do It Anyway

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:42

There are social and psychological benefits to sharing your dreams


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New discovery shows glass made from exploding stars

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:41

An international team of scientists said Friday they had detected silica -- the main component of glass -- in the remnants of two distant supernovae billions of light years from Earth. Researchers used NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope to analyse the light emitted by the collapsing mega-cluster and obtain silica's "fingerprint" based on the specific wavelength of light the material is known to emit. A supernova occurs when a large star burns through its own fuel, causing a catastrophic collapse ending in an explosion of galactic proportions.


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This Is Why Pluto Is Not a Planet

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:09

As Joni Mitchell pointed out, “You don’t know what you got ’til it’s gone.” Nowhere is this more apparent than in the Solar System. Sure, day to day, most of us probably don’t think much about the massive celestial bodies that share this corner of the universe with us. Pluto, once the smallest of the nine planets in the Solar System, was also the most recently discovered, spotted by 23-year-old astronomer Clyde Tombaugh in 1930.


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Notice of NEI Participation in PAR-19-056 "Research Project Grant (Parent R01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)"

NIH Funding Opportunities - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:08
Notice NOT-EY-19-005 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts
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All the Ways Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald Connects to Harry Potter

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:00

Find out all of the parallels and connections between Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald and the original Harry Potter series.


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Organized Crime Lurks Everywhere in My Brilliant Friend. Here's the Real Story of the Rise of the Naples Underworld

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 10:00

The bestselling novels, now an HBO series, tell a story not only of friendship, but also of the influence of organized crime in Naples


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Judge Orders White House to Reinstate Press Credentials for CNN's Jim Acosta

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 09:30

A federal judge on Friday ordered the Trump administration to immediately return the White House press credentials of CNN reporter Jim Acosta.


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How much does a kilogram weigh? Depends on your 'Planck constant'

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 09:30

Since 1889, a kilogram has been defined by a shiny lump of platinum-iridium kept in a special glass case and known as the International Prototype of the Kilogram. It is housed at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (whose French acronym is BIPM), just outside Paris. Members of the BIPM, which groups some 60 nations, agreed on Friday after a week-long meeting at the nearby Palace of Versailles to redefine a kilogram in terms of a tiny but unchanging value called the "Planck constant".


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Volkswagen to spend 44 bn euros on 'electric offensive'

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 11/16/2018 - 09:26

German auto giant Volkswagen said Friday it will invest 44 billion euros by 2023 in the smarter, greener cars of the future as it ramps up efforts to shake off the "dieselgate" emissions cheating scandal. Over the coming five years, VW said it aims to spend "almost 44 billion euros" ($50 billion) on electric, self-driving and connected cars as well as mobility services like car sharing. The figure represents roughly a third of the group's planned expenditure between now and 2023, and the bulk of it will go on developing e-cars, VW said following a supervisory board meeting on future strategy.


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