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Genes play significant role in whether students to go to university, scientists find

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:39

Genetics plays a significant role in whether young adults choose to go to university, which university they choose to attend and how well they do, a new study suggests. Previous studies have shown that genetics plays a major role in academic achievement at school, with 58 per cent of individual differences between students in GCSE scores due to genetic factors. However, it was unclear if DNA was important in later life. Using data from identical twins to tease out how much of university choice was genetic,  researchers from King’s College London found that genes explained 57 per cent of the differences in A-level exam results and 46 per cent of the difference in achievement at university. They also found genetics accounted for 51 per cent of the difference in whether young people chose to go to university and 57 per cent of the difference in the quality of the chosen university. Dr Emily Smith-Woolley, from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, who co-led the research said: ‘We have shown for the first time that genetic influence on educational achievement continues into higher education. “Our results also demonstrate that the appetite young adults have for choosing to continue with higher education is in part, influenced by their DNA.” The researchers also found that shared environmental factors – such as families and schools - influenced the choice of whether to go to university, accounting for 36 per cent of the differences between students. However, shared environmental influences appear to become less important over time, become negligible for achievement at university.   Dr Ziada Ayorech, from the IoPPN, who co-led the research said: ‘Unlike secondary school, where students tend to share educational experiences, university provides young people with greater opportunity to be independent and to carve out their interests based on their natural abilities and aptitudes. “Students’ unique environments – such as new friends, and new experiences – appear to be explaining differences in university achievement and the role of shared environment becomes less significant.” The results were based on studying 3,000 pairs of twins from the UK as well as 3,000 people who had their gene sequenced. Comparing identical and non-identical twin pairs allows researchers to determine the overall impact of genetics on how much people differ on measures like exam scores. If identical twins' exam scores are more alike than those of non-identical twins this implies the difference between twin pairs is due to genetic factors The results were published in the journal Scientific Reports.


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NIDDK Education Program Grants (R25 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:25
Funding Opportunity PAR-19-030 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The NIH Research Education Program (R25) supports research education activities in the mission areas of the NIH. The over-arching goal of this NIDDK R25 program is to support educational activities that complement and/or enhance the training of a workforce to meet the nations biomedical, behavioral and clinical research needs. To accomplish the stated over-arching goal, this FOA will support creative educational activities with a primary focus on Courses for Skills Development and Research Experiences
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Startup plans to launch small satellites from Virginia coast

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:09

NORFOLK, Va. (AP) — A California-based startup has announced big plans to go small as it reaches into space, rocketing satellites the size of loaves of bread into orbit from Virginia.


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Summer drought may shrink supplies of French spuds

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 09:56

It's harvest time and the chips are down for potato producers in northern France where a long summer drought could see French spuds shrink in size and volume. The potatoes "first lacked water and then when rain fell in July started growing anew" which means the original plants lost starch and gained too much water, spoiling them, said Regis Dumont, a potato farmer from Warhem near the Belgian border. Then they got a roasting, with temperatures soaring to 37 degrees centigrade (98 Fahrenheit) in August, unusually hot for the northern French plains which account for two-thirds of the national potato crop.


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European Council President Says There Is Not Enough Progress On Brexit

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 09:37

European Council President Says There Is Not Enough Progress On Brexit


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You Are Not Your DNA

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 09:00

Just days before Warren announced her DNA ancestry results, headlines were warning of a new threat to the genetic privacy of us all. The privacy warnings came from a paper in Science, which proclaimed that detectives, or hackers for that matter, could find the identity of “almost anyone” from a sample of DNA. Of course, if you committed rape or murder and left your DNA at the scene, this DNA matching capability could reveal that you are the perpetrator.


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Nobel Prize Winner Gets Dedicated Bike Rack Spot Since He’s Not Such a Great Driver

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:59

George Smith may be one of chemistry’s foremost minds, but he admits he’s not so hot behind the wheel.


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Donald Trump Didn't Really Win 52% of White Women in 2016

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:55

The idea that a majority of white women voted for the President has shaped national narratives. The only problem? It's probably wrong.


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Women Achieved Enormous Power in Ancient Egypt. What They Did With It Is a Warning for Today

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:30

"Ancient Egypt allowed more females into power in the ancient world than any other place on earth. Was that society somehow more progressive than we might expect? The answer is a quick and deflating no."


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Chinese city wants to launch artificial moon to 'replace streetlights'

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 08:05

The city of Chengdu plans to boost the real moon with the glow of a more powerful fake one, according to reports in the Chinese media


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One for the Road. A Man Allegedly Robbed a Subway Before Returning to Grab His Sandwich

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:37

A robber returned to the scene of the crime for one very good reason.


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Wounded to Be Airlifted to Russia After Deadly Crimea School Attack

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:23

At least 10 of the wounded in a school shooting and bomb attack carried out by a student at a vocational school in Crimea will be airlifted to hospitals in Russia, the health minister said Thursday.


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Provocateur Stormy Daniels Takes an Unexpected Turn in the National Spotlight

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 07:06

To understand what it means to be famous like Stormy Daniels, for the reasons she is famous, spend time with her in a public space


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British-built spacecraft ready for blast-off on seven year mission to Mercury

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 06:54

A British-built spacecraft will blast-off on Friday at the start of a seven year, five billion mile journey to Mercury, the planet closest to the sun.


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Workers would pay to have a boss with these 10 traits, new research finds

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 06:45

New research from New York University finds that both men and women see stereotypically male traits such as assertiveness and competitiveness as 'must-haves' for successful leaders. Researchers argue that preference for these certain types of leadership traits could explain why there are fewer women in positions of power. In the findings, published in the journal "Frontiers in Psychology," researchers ran two studies to understand how men and women perceive what makes a great leader by focusing on attributes often associated with certain genders.


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Chinese Woman Kills Herself and Her Children After Her Husband Fakes His Death

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 06:26

Some have blamed the incident on the harsh lives of women in rural China, prompting a national debate on the matter


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