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Beto O'Rourke Doubles Down on Claim He'd Vote to Impeach Donald Trump if Elected

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 18:51

Democratic Rep. Beto O’Rourke has repeated his previous assertions that he would vote to impeach President Donald Trump — an aggressive position that may be a tough sell as he tries to win a Senate seat in deep-red Texas.

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Breaching dams to save Northwest orcas is contentious issue

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 16:07

TACOMA, Wash. (AP) — Calls to breach four hydroelectric dams in Washington state have grown louder in recent months as the plight of critically endangered Northwest orcas has captured global attention.

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The T Rex’s tiny baby arms might have been way more useful than they seem

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 15:34

Running into a Tyrannosaurus rex in the wild would have been a truly frightening thing for just about any animal that roamed the earth between 65 million and 80 million years ago, and for an obvious reason. The mighty meat-eater was huge in size and had a mouth built to turn bones into powder. If it snagged you with its jaws you were probably going to have a bad time, but nobody was afraid of its puny little arms... or were they?

As Live Science reports, a new study presented at a recent meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology took a close look at how T. rex's arms would have functioned, and it makes some bold predictions.

Just how T. rex used its arms and for what purpose has been hotly debated for years and years. Some believe the arms didn't do much of anything, while others have suggested that the tiny limbs flailed wildly with sharp claws that could have seriously injured prey or foes.

This latest round of research approaches things from a different angle, seeking to determine the range of movement of the arms as a clue to their usefulness. The researchers studied the limbs of two distant modern relatives, the alligator and turkey, for hints. What the team concluded is that the T. rex could likely have turned its hands inward if it wanted to, and it may have used its arms to hold prey in place or pull it closer.

The idea here is that the T. rex knew its jaws were its most potent weapon and so it used its arms to keep prey at the perfect biting distance. We'll of course never know for sure unless we could somehow watch a T. rex or similar upright carnivore find a meal, but the researchers are confident in what the fossils and modern animals tell them about how the dinosaur could move its limbs.

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What's next for Paul Allen's big investments? It's not clear

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 15:21

Prior to his death on Monday, billionaire Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen invested large sums in technology ventures, research projects and philanthropy, some of it eclectic and highly speculative. Outside of bland assurances from his investment company, no one seems quite sure. Allen died in Seattle from complications of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, according to his company Vulcan Inc. He was 65.

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No, Elizabeth Warren: DNA Testing Can’t Tell You Who You Are, and Here’s Why

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 15:10

Over-generalization can be dangerous.

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Everything You Know About the Fate of Lottery Winners Is Probably Wrong, According to Science

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 15:06

Overall the money won led to positive long-term satisfaction and researchers found that there was a connection between a financial life satisfaction and long term overall life satisfaction.

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President Donald Trump Wants to Stop the Caravan. Here's What Experts Think Would Help

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 14:38

For the second year in a row, President Donald Trump is upset about a caravan of Central American migrants headed to the United States.

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De Beers eyes tech markets for synthetic diamonds future

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 14:17

TORONTO/LONDON (Reuters) - Anglo American unit De Beers is going after lucrative, but elusive high-tech markets in quantum computing, as it aims to expand its lab-grown diamond business beyond drilling and cutting. Element Six, De Beers' synthetic diamond arm, is building a $94 million factory in Portland, Oregon, an expansion that comes as scientists from Moscow to London push to develop diamonds for futuristic applications. Now coming of age after decades of experiments, technology called chemical vapor deposition, or CVD, offers a path to higher-quality, lower-cost production of synthetic diamonds and that opens the door to potential new computing markets.

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In toothy prequel, piranha-like fish menaced Jurassic seas

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 13:07

Scientists said on Thursday they have unearthed in southern Germany the fossil of a fish that, with its mouth full of razor-sharp teeth, strongly resembled today's piranhas, the stars of more than their fair share of Hollywood horror films. Named Piranhamesodon pinnatomus, it is the earliest known example of a bony fish - as opposed to cartilaginous fish like sharks - able to slice flesh rather than simply swallowing prey, enabling it to attack victims larger than itself as piranhas can. Piranhas are freshwater fish that inhabit rivers and lakes in South America.

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Justice Department Opens Investigation of Catholic Church Sex Abuse in Pennsylvania

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 12:59

Confidential files and testimony from church leaders have been subpoenaed

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China wants to put a big fake moon in orbit to reflect sunlight back down at night

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 12:46

The Moon is great, but apparently it's just not enough for the city of Chengdu in China. Not satisfied with the meager light the Moon reflects back down to Earth at night, scientists in the region plan to launch a satellite that will actually reflect sunlight back down to Earth and turn night into day... sort of.

The satellite is effectively a giant mirror that will redirect sunlight back down on Chengdu even after the Sun sets. The spacecraft will be roughly eight times brighter than the Moon, according to the Chengdu Aerospace Science and  Technology Microelectronics System Research Institute, and should provide enough light that it will actually make street lights totally irrelevant for at least part of the city.

If this all sounds kind of bizarre that's because it is. It really, really is. The group planning the satellite says the mirror will produce light over an area of between 5 and 50 miles. That's, well, not a very specific, and it's unclear from current reports just how long the satellite will last.

There's also been some very real concern that the mirror's never-ending glow could seriously impact natural cycles of animals. Scientists have long been critical of human light pollution and its ability to potentially throw off the day/night rhythm of animals, and the same could be true of this fake moon plan. Some experts who support the plan suggest that it'll produce little more than a "twilight glow" that shouldn't change how animals behave, but nobody will know for certain until the satellite is up and running.

The institute working on the satellite plans to have the fake moon deployed by 2020. There seems to be some conflicting information over just how bright the light will be — something bright enough to make street lights obsolete sure sounds like it's brighter than a "glow" — so it'll be interesting to see just how well the mirror works... or doesn't.

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How life changes when you're 11 years old and arrested for murder

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 12:22

Jordan Brown, now 21, shares the conditions he faced after his arrest at age 11 for murder and his life today after his conviction was overturned.

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How can genetic data be better encrypted? Researchers find a way

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 12:12

Using nothing more than a simple vial of saliva, millions of people have created DNA profiles on genealogy websites. This problem of access is one that Bonnie Berger, a professor of mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and her colleagues think they can solve, with a new cryptographic system to protect the information. "We're currently at a stalemate in sharing all this genomic data," Berger told AFP.

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President Trump Threatens Mexico If Caravan of 4,000 Honduran Migrants Reaches U.S. Border

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 11:48

As about 4,000 Hondurans made their way through Guatemala, attention — and pressure — turned to Mexico Thursday, after U.S.

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Administrative Supplements for Complementary Health Practitioner Research Experience (Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 11:41
Funding Opportunity PA-19-031 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. NCCIH encourages applications for administrative supplements to NCCIH-supported awards (see relevant Activity Codes above) to support complementary health practitioners in an intensive, supervised research experience that will lead to a better understanding of, and practical experience in, complementary and integrative health research. For this FOA, complementary health practitioners include (but are not limited to): licensed acupuncturists, massage therapists, and music therapists; chiropractic doctors; and naturopathic or osteopathic physicians. Funding is available for 1 year, with an option to renew for a second year, to conduct basic, translational, or clinical research associated with the parent grant. This initiative is focused on providing a research experience for complementary health practitioners and is not intended to support clinical residency training or other clinical practitioner training.
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BRAIN Initiative: Research on the Ethical Implications of Advancements in Neurotechnology and Brain Science (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:56
Funding Opportunity RFA-MH-19-400 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This funding opportunity announcement (FOA), in support of the NIH Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, is one of several FOAs aimed at supporting transformative discoveries that will lead to breakthroughs in understanding human brain function. Guided by the long-term scientific plan, BRAIN 2025: A Scientific Vision, this FOA specifically seeks to support efforts addressing core ethical issues associated with research focused on the human brain and resulting from emerging technologies and advancements supported by the BRAIN Initiative. The hope is that efforts supported under this FOA might be both complementary and integrative with the transformative, breakthrough neuroscience discoveries supported through the BRAIN Initiative.
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What Makes the U.S.-Saudi Relationship So Special? Weapons, Oil and 'An Army of Lobbyists'

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:55

The 75-year alliance between the two nations has been built on American demand for Saudi oil and Saudi demand for American firepower.

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Saudi Lobbying in the U.S. Has Tripled Since Trump Took Office

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Thu, 10/18/2018 - 10:44

Lobbying from Saudi Arabia has tripled since President Trump took office

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