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Inside the mission to rid the world of chemical arms

Michael Barrett has an old-fashioned flip phone. As appalling images of panicked children and adults apparently victims of poison gas or cruel nerve agents go viral, the labs and the equipment store of the world's global chemical arms watchdog hum with activity. Tucked away in a small industrial zone in the Dutch suburb of Rijswijk, the two-storey building, with about 20 staff, has been key to the two decades of painstaking work by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to eliminate the world's toxic arms stockpiles.

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Igor the Siberian tiger gets stem-cell hip treatment in Hungary

Igor, a Siberian tiger in a Hungarian zoo, received stem-cell joint treatment on Wednesday which doctors hoped would help heal its hip and allow it to live happily, on less medicine. Igor is a 13-year old tiger living in the zoo in the southern Hungarian town of Szeged. It has been suffering from hip joint pains for years.

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Waitresses talk about on-the-job sexual harassment: Part 1

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 18:03

"My Reality: A Hidden America": Waitressing is a first job for many in the workforce and these women say they have dealt with lewd comments, inappropriate touching and predatory situations at work.

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Tiny dents in solar cells could make them more efficient than ever

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 15:31

Looking to make solar panels more efficient? Why not try putting a dent in them? That's the basis for an intriguing new project from researchers at the United Kingdom’s University of Warwick.

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Journey into the ravishing Lagoon Nebula with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 14:32

A Hubble Space Telescope snapshot shows the star Herschel 36 as it emits "powerful ultraviolet radiation and hurricane-like stellar winds."

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Smallville Actress Arrested for Role in Alleged Sex Cult that Branded and Enslaved Women

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 13:46

Prosecutors say she helped recruit sex slaves for leader Keith Raniere

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How the New 'God of War' Game Was Inspired by Real-Life Parenting Challenges

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 11:45

The creators of 'God of War' reveal how their parenting experience influenced the game's father-son storyline

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Targeted In Vivo Delivery of Gene Therapeutics for HIV Cure (R01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 11:20
Funding Opportunity RFA-AI-18-016 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) will support research on the development and validation of innovative strategies to deliver anti-HIV gene therapies efficiently to specific target cells in vivo.
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Meet Daisy: Apple’s 200-phone per hour recycling robot

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 11:02

Say hello to Daisy, Apple’s latest iPhone recycling robot. Equipped to dissemble 200 iPhones every hour, Daisy allows the company to access parts traditional recyclers cannot.

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Harnessing Big Data to Halt HIV (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 10:27
Funding Opportunity PAR-18-764 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to promote research that transforms understanding of HIV transmission, the HIV care continuum, and HIV comorbidities using Big Data Science (BDS). This FOA will support projects to assemble diverse big data sources, conduct robust and reproducible analyses, and create meaningful visualizations of big data, as well as, engage ethical experts where appropriate to ensure the development of this scientific area is guided by ethical principles.
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Researchers say humans are responsible for mammals being so small today

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 10:01

Have you ever wondered why land animals are so small today? Fossils have shown us that many dinosaurs were absolutely massive beasts, evolving over millions and millions of years to become huge, intimidating creature that could crush small animals under their mighty feet, and modern day mammals, by contrast, are tiny. Sure, elephants are big, but that seems to be a rare exception rather than the rule. As it turns out, the plight of many modern elephant species tells us everything we need to know about why mammals are so small: humans keep killing all the big ones.

A new study from a team of researchers from several American universities points to humans being the main reason why modern day animals are so tiny compared to the past. The research was published in Science. This is why we can't have nice things.

“We used to have animals on the Earth that weighed over 10 tons,” Felisa Smith, a paleoecologist at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the research, told Seeker. “Now the biggest thing is an elephant that on average is only about three and a half-ish, and if they go extinct, then we’re talking about things no bigger than 900 kilos (2,000 pounds). And that’s maximum size. If you look at mean size, it’s much, much different.”

The work focuses on what life roamed the earth in the post-dinosaur world, with creatures like the the wooly rhinoceros, mastodon, and the giant sloth which was as large as an elephant. These examples of "megafauna" began to disappear right around the time human ancestors pushed their way out of Africa. The scientists have drawn a pretty damning link between large-scale extinction of huge mammals and the arrival of human ancestors with insatiable appetites.

Even more unsettling than what our family tree has done to the animal kingdom may be what lies ahead. Smith and her fellow researchers suggest that, based on the trends humans have set in motion, such as climate change, larger modern animals face a similar fate as the ones we've already pushed to extinction.

"If we don’t cope with it, we actually are going to end up with an Earth where there is nothing bigger than a cow," Smith says. "And that’s a depressing thought for me personally.”

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Students at a Florida High School Planned to Join the National Walkout Against Gun Violence. But Then a Student Was Shot

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 09:57

The student has been taken to the hospital with non-life-threatening injuries

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Cooperative Agreement to Support the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (U01)

NIH Funding Opportunities - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 09:51
Funding Opportunity RFA-FD-18-009 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing its intention to receive and consider a single source application for award of a cooperative agreement in fiscal year 2018 (FY 2018) to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations to support global strategies that address food safety, nutrition and public health. The purpose of this cooperative agreement is to: 1. Utilize FAO's extensive research and expertise on country development and aid activities. 2. Contribute to the research, knowledge base and development of food safety systems globally due to the increasingly diverse and complex food supply. 3. Enhance and broaden FDA's ability to address global food safety, nutrition, and public health issues associated with food. 4. Provide opportunities to leverage additional resources of other countries. 5. Support the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and FDA's International Food Safety Capacity Building Plan, which emphasizes the concept of preventing food safety-related problems before they occur and the importance of establishing strong relationships and mutual support among all stakeholders, including multilateral organizations, to improve worldwide food safety. 6. Support food safety, nutrition and public health programs that align with FDA's mission.
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SpaceX is planning to build its new ‘BFR’ space vehicles in Los Angeles

Yahoo Science News feed latest items - Fri, 04/20/2018 - 09:02

In his annual State of the City address on Monday, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti announced that Elon Musk's SpaceX would be building its Big Falcon Rocket ships in none other than the Port of Los Angeles.

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